Outline of Taiwan

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Location of Taiwan off the eastern coast of China
Location in East Asia
Political map of Taiwan
Political map of Taiwan
Relief map of Taiwan
Relief map of Taiwan
Topographic map of Taiwan
Topographic map of Taiwan

The following outline is provided as an overview of and topical guide to Taiwan:

Taiwan – de facto state in East Asia, officially named the Republic of China (ROC). Originally based in mainland China, the ROC now governs the island of Taiwan, which makes up over 99% of its territory, as well as Penghu, Kinmen, Matsu, and other minor islands. Taipei is the seat of the central government. Following the Chinese civil war, the Communist Party of China took full control of mainland China and founded the People's Republic of China (PRC) in 1949. The ROC relocated its government to Taiwan, and its jurisdiction became limited to Taiwan and its surrounding islands. In 1971, the PRC assumed China's seat at the United Nations, which the ROC originally occupied. During the latter half of the 20th century, Taiwan experienced rapid economic growth and industrialization and is now an advanced industrial economy. In the 1980s and early 1990s, Taiwan evolved into a multi-party democracy with universal suffrage. Taiwan is one of the Four Asian Tigers and a member of the WTO and APEC. The 19th-largest economy in the world,[1][2] its high-tech industry plays a key role in the global economy.

General reference[edit]

Geography of Taiwan[edit]

Environment of Taiwan[edit]

Satellite photograph of Taiwan taken by MODIS aboard NASA's Terra satellite.
Yehliu is a peninsula on the north coast of Taiwan, famous for the curious shapes carved along its shoreline by sea erosion.

Geographic features of Taiwan[edit]

Regions of Taiwan[edit]

Ecoregions of Taiwan[edit]

Administrative divisions of Taiwan[edit]

Taipei Neihu Technology Park.
A paifang in Zhongxing New Village. Zhongxing New Village is the capital of the Taiwan Province.
East Gate of Hsinchu City.
Fengyuan Station is a train station of Taichung Line, part of Taiwan's Western main rail line. It's the main station of Fengyuan District, Taichung City.

Demography of Taiwan[edit]

Government and politics of Taiwan[edit]

Elections in Taiwan[edit]

Taiwan policy and ideology[edit]

Political parties[edit]

Nationally represented parties[edit]

Other parties[edit]

Branches of government[edit]

The government of the Republic of China has five branches, called "yuan".


Executive Yuan[edit]

Legislative Yuan[edit]

Judicial Yuan[edit]

Examination Yuan[edit]

Control Yuan[edit]

Foreign relations of Taiwan[edit]

International organization membership[edit]

The Republic of China is a member of:

The Republic of China is excluded from:

  • United Nations
    • The Republic of China was a founding member of the UN, but was expelled in 1971 in favor of the PRC, through UNGA Resolution 2758
    • On 23 July 2007, the Republic of China's (15th) request to join the UN was rejected.[3]

Law and order[edit]

Political/legal status of Taiwan[edit]

Legal documentation of Taiwan status[edit]


ROC Navy Kang Ding-class (Lafayette-class) frigate with S-70C helicopter.


History of Taiwan[edit]

By period[edit]

Mainland before 1949[edit]


By region[edit]

By subject[edit]

Historical figures[edit]

Culture of Taiwan[edit]

Taiwan Pride 2005, a gay pride parade on Zhongxiao East Road in Taipei.

Arts in Taiwan[edit]

Mass media of Taiwan[edit]

Museums in Taiwan[edit]

Religion in Taiwan[edit]

Sports in Taiwan[edit]

Economy and infrastructure of Taiwan[edit]

Taipei is the Republic of China's capital city and financial center. Taipei 101 was the world's tallest building from 2004 to 2010.
KwanDu Bridge, Taipei.

Education and research in Taiwan[edit]

Research institutes[edit]

Nobel laureates[edit]

See also[edit]


  1. ^ CIA World Factbook- GDP (PPP)
  2. ^ Chan, Rachel (17 June 2009). "Taiwan needs to boost public awareness on climate change: EU envoy". China Post. Retrieved 22 July 2009.
  3. ^ News.bbc.co.uk 2007

External links[edit]

Wikimedia Atlas of Taiwan