USS Fargo (CL-106)
|Builders:||New York Shipbuilding Corporation|
|Operators:||United States Navy|
|Preceded by:||Cleveland class|
|Succeeded by:||Juneau class|
|Length:||608 ft .25 in (185.3 m)|
|Beam:||66 ft 4 in (20.2 m)|
|Draft:||22 ft (6.7 m)|
|Speed:||32.5 knots (60.2 km/h; 37.4 mph)|
|Complement:||1,100 officers and enlisted|
|Aircraft carried:||4 × floatplanes|
|Aviation facilities:||2 × stern catapults|
The Fargo-class cruisers were a modified version of the Cleveland-class cruiser design; the main difference was a more compact pyramidal superstructure with single trunked funnel, intended to improve the arcs of fire of the anti-aircraft (AA) guns. The same type of modification differentiated the Baltimore and Oregon City classes of heavy cruisers. Changes were made in order to reduce the instability of the Cleveland-class light cruisers, especially their tendency to roll dangerously. The main battery turrets sat about a foot lower and the wing gunhouses (the 5 inch, twin gun mounts on the sides of the ship) were lowered to the main deck. The medium (40 mm) anti-aircraft mounts were also lowered.
In all, 13 ships of the class were planned but only Fargo and Huntington were ever completed, the rest being cancelled at varying states of completion with the de-escalation and eventual end of World War II.
Fargo, the lead ship of the class, was launched on 25 February 1945, but was not commissioned until 9 December 1945, four months after the war ended. Huntington was commissioned early in 1946. The two ships were decommissioned in 1949–1950, and never reactivated.
Ships in class
|Ship Name||Hull No.||Builder||Laid down||Launched||Commissioned||Decommissioned||Fate|
|Fargo||CL-106||New York Shipbuilding Corporation, Camden, New Jersey||23 August 1943||25 February 1945||9 December 1945||14 February 1950||Struck 1 March 1970; Sold for scrap, 18 August 1971|
|Huntington||CL-107||4 October 1943||8 April 1945||23 February 1946||15 June 1949||Struck 1 September 1961; Sold for scrap, on 16 May 1962|
|Newark||CL-108||17 January 1944||14 December 1945||N/A||Construction canceled 12 August 1945 when 67.8% completed, launched on December 14, 1945 for use in underwater explosion tests, sold on 2 April 1949 for scrapping|
|New Haven||CL-109||28 February 1944||N/A||Construction cancelled 12 August 1945 and scrapped on slip|
|Buffalo||CL-110||2 April 1944|
|Wilmington||CL-111||William Cramp & Sons Shipbuilding Company, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania||5 March 1945|
|Vallejo||CL-112||New York Shipbuilding Corporation, Camden, New Jersey||N/A||Construction cancelled 5 October 1944|
|Tallahassee||CL-116||Newport News Shipbuilding and Dry Dock Company, Newport News, Virginia||31 January 1944||Construction cancelled 12 August 1945 and scrapped on slip|
|Cheyenne||CL-117||29 May 1944|
||CL-118||9 October 1944|
- Terzibashitsch 1988, p. 311.
- Norman Friedman, U.S. Cruisers, An Illustrated Design History 1984 ISBN 978-0-87021-718-0
- James J. Fahey, "Pacific War Diary, 1942-1945: The Secret Diary of an American Sailor" 1972 ISBN 978-0395640227
- M. J. Whitley, Cruisers Of World War Two, An International Encyclopedia 1995 ISBN 978-1-86019-874-8
- Terzibashitsch, Stefan (1988). Cruisers of the US Navy 1922-1962. Annapolis, Maryland: Naval Institute Press. ISBN 0-87021-974-X.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Fargo class cruiser.|
- Global Security.org - Fargo-class cruiser
- Global Security.org - Fargo-class cruiser specifications
- Hazegray - US Cruisers List: US Light/Heavy/AntiAircraft Cruisers, Part 2
- Fargo Class Light Cruisers