Tonganoxie, Kansas

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Tonganoxie, Kansas
Location within Leavenworth County and Kansas
Location within Leavenworth County and Kansas
KDOT map of Leavenworth County (legend)
Coordinates: 39°6′32″N 95°5′13″W / 39.10889°N 95.08694°W / 39.10889; -95.08694Coordinates: 39°6′32″N 95°5′13″W / 39.10889°N 95.08694°W / 39.10889; -95.08694
CountryUnited States
StateKansas
CountyLeavenworth
Platted1866
Incorporated1871
Government
 • TypeCouncil–manager
 • MayorDavid Frese
 • City ManagerGeorge Brajkovic
Area
 • Total4.09 sq mi (10.60 km2)
 • Land4.05 sq mi (10.50 km2)
 • Water0.04 sq mi (0.10 km2)
Elevation
889 ft (271 m)
Population
 • Total4,996
 • Estimate 
(2019)[3]
5,583
 • Density1,376.82/sq mi (531.55/km2)
Time zoneUTC-6 (CST)
 • Summer (DST)UTC-5 (CDT)
ZIP code
66086
Area code913
FIPS code20-70800 [4]
GNIS ID0478853 [5]
Websitetonganoxie.org

Tonganoxie (pronounced /tɒŋɡəˈnɒksi/)[6] is a city in Leavenworth County, Kansas and is part of the Kansas City metropolitan area within the United States. As of 2010, its population was 4,996, approximately double the population recorded in the 2000 census.[7]

History[edit]

Tonganoxie was platted in 1866.[8][9] It was named for a local Native American Chief from the Delaware Tribe whose name means "shorty" in the Delaware language.[10] Tonganoxie was incorporated as a city in the late 1870s.[11]

Geography[edit]

Tonganoxie is located at 39°6′32″N 95°5′13″W / 39.10889°N 95.08694°W / 39.10889; -95.08694 (39.108880, -95.086885).[12] According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 3.67 square miles (9.51 km2), of which 3.66 square miles (9.48 km2) is land and 0.01 square miles (0.03 km2) is water.[13]

Climate[edit]

The climate in this area is characterized by hot, humid summers and generally cold winters. According to the Köppen Climate Classification system, Tonganoxie has a humid subtropical climate, abbreviated "Cfa" on climate maps.[14]

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
Census Pop.
1880426
189067358.0%
190084826.0%
19101,01820.0%
1920971−4.6%
19301,10914.2%
19401,1140.5%
19501,1402.3%
19601,35418.8%
19701,71726.8%
19801,8648.6%
19902,34725.9%
20002,72816.2%
20104,99683.1%
2019 (est.)5,583[3]11.7%
U.S. Decennial Census

2010 census[edit]

As of the census[2] of 2010, there were 4,996 people, 1,884 households, and 1,338 families living in the city. The population density was 1,365.0 inhabitants per square mile (527.0/km2). There were 1,973 housing units at an average density of 539.1 per square mile (208.1/km2). The racial makeup of the city was 95.2% White, 1.0% African American, 0.7% Native American, 0.4% Asian, 0.1% Pacific Islander, 0.6% from other races, and 2.0% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 3.8% of the population.

There were 1,884 households, of which 41.1% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 52.8% were married couples living together, 12.8% had a female householder with no husband present, 5.5% had a male householder with no wife present, and 29.0% were non-families. 23.8% of all households were made up of individuals, and 9.9% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.61 and the average family size was 3.08.

The median age in the city was 32.5 years. 29.3% of residents were under the age of 18; 7.7% were between the ages of 18 and 24; 29.9% were from 25 to 44; 21.2% were from 45 to 64; and 11.8% were 65 years of age or older. The gender makeup of the city was 47.9% male and 52.1% female.

2000 census[edit]

As of the census[4] of 2000, there were 2,728 people, 999 households, and 737 families living in the city. The population density was 869.8 people per square mile (335.4/km2). There were 1,032 housing units at an average density of 329.0 per square mile (126.9/km2). The racial makeup of the city was 95.2% White, 1.2% African American, 0.9% Native American, 0.4% Asian, 0.3% Pacific Islander, 0.7% from other races, and 1.4% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 2.3% of the population.

There were 999 households, out of which 42.0% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 57.6% were married couples living together, 11.8% had a female householder with no husband present, and 26.2% were non-families. 22.9% of all households were made up of individuals, and 11.6% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.65 and the average family size was 3.13.

In the city, the population was spread out, with 30.0% under the age of 18, 9.5% from 18 to 24, 30.0% from 25 to 44, 17.1% from 45 to 64, and 13.4% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 32 years. For every 100 females, there were 91.8 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 87.9 males.

The median income for a household in the city was $44,278, and the median income for a family was $49,960. Males had a median income of $37,301 versus $24,028 for females. The per capita income for the city was $18,026. About 4.5% of families and 6.0% of the population were below the poverty line, including 5.5% of those under age 18 and 9.9% of those age 65 or over.

Education[edit]

Tonganoxie has one high school, a middle school, and one new elementary school. The high school teams are named the Chieftains, while middle school teams are known as the Warriors and the elementary school's mascot is the Braves.[citation needed]

Economy[edit]

Peruvian Connection is based in Tonganoxie.

In November 2017, Tyson Foods cancelled plans to build a $320,000,000 chicken processing plant in Tonganoxie after objections from local residents.[citation needed]

Government[edit]

Tonganoxie utilizes a modified Council–manager form of government. The city mayor along with five council members are elected at-large and serve four-year terms. Appointments of the municipal judge, city attorney, city clerk, and city treasurer are recommended by the mayor and confirmed by the city council.[15] As of January 2020, the current mayor is David Frese[16] and the current city manager is George Brajkovic.[17]

Notable people[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "2019 U.S. Gazetteer Files". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved July 24, 2020. CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link)
  2. ^ a b "U.S. Census website". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2012-07-06. CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link)
  3. ^ a b "Population and Housing Unit Estimates". United States Census Bureau. May 24, 2020. Retrieved May 27, 2020. CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link)
  4. ^ a b "U.S. Census website". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31. CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link)
  5. ^ "US Board on Geographic Names". United States Geological Survey. 2007-10-25. Retrieved 2008-01-31. CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link)
  6. ^ William Allen White School of Journalism and Public Information (1955). A pronunciation guide to Kansas place names. Lawrence, KS: University of Kansas. p. 25. hdl:2027/mdp.39015047651115.
  7. ^ "City Population".
  8. ^ Hall, Jesse A. and Hand LeRoy T. (1921). History of Leavenworth County Kansas. Historical Publishing Company. p. 152.
  9. ^ Kansas State Historical Society (1916). Biennial Report of the Board of Directors of the Kansas State Historical Society. Kansas State Printing Plant. p. 222.
  10. ^ Heim, Michael (2007). Exploring Kansas Highways. p. 51. ISBN 9780974435886.
  11. ^ Blackmar, Frank Wilson (1912). Kansas: A Cyclopedia of State History, Volume 2. Standard Publishing Company. p. 810.
  12. ^ "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23. CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link)
  13. ^ "US Gazetteer files 2010". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on 2012-01-25. Retrieved 2012-07-06. CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link)
  14. ^ Climate Summary for Tonganoxie, Kansas
  15. ^ "Council-Manager Form of Government - City of Tonganoxie, Kansas". City of Tonganoxie. Retrieved January 19, 2020. CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link)
  16. ^ "Mayor - City of Tonganoxie, Kansas". City of Tonganoxie. Retrieved January 19, 2020. CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link)
  17. ^ "City Manager - City of Tonganoxie, Kansas". City of Tonganoxie. Retrieved January 19, 2020. CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link)

Further reading[edit]

External links[edit]