Gueorgui Otyrba

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Gueorgui Otyrba
1st Commissioner for Human Rights of Abkhazia
In office
7 March 2007 – 4 May 2016
PresidentSergei Bagapsh
Alexander Ankvab
Raul Khajimba
Succeeded byDmitri Marshan
Minister for Foreign Affairs of Abkhazia (acting)
In office
June 2004 – July 2004
Prime MinisterRaul Khajimba
Preceded bySergei Shamba
Succeeded byIgor Akhba

Gueorgui Otyrba is an Abkhazian politician and academic. He was the first Human Rights Commissioner of Abkhazia between 2007 and 2016 and acting Foreign Affairs Minister between June and July 2004.

Education and career[edit]

Otyrba studied history at the Institute of History and Archives in Moscow, receiving his first degree in 1984, as well as a second degree from the Institute of General History in 1990. He was appointed as a Professor in the Department of Modern History at Abkhazian State University in the same year, and through the early 1990s, served as a visiting scholar in a number of universities around the world, including Johns Hopkins University and Maryland University in the United States and the Hebrew University of Jerusalem in Israel, often dealing in topics associated with the civil war in his homeland.

These experiences saw Otyrba take an interest in foreign policy, and in 1996, he underwent a course in mediation and human rights monitoring in Austria. He became involved in trying to establish dialogue between the two sides, and in 1997, was appointed Deputy Foreign Minister of Abkhazia. In the same year, he became Director of the Civil Society Development Centre a non-government organization based in the city of Gagra, a position which he held for approximately a year. Otyrba continued to both work in academia and serve as Deputy Foreign Minister for several years, and when long-serving Foreign Minister Sergey Shamba resigned to run in the 2004 elections, Otyrba was a natural choice to fill in as a temporary replacement. However, the position only lasted for two months before he was replaced by Igor Akhba on 28 July 2004.,[1] and Otyrba has since returned to his prior roles.

In his capacity of acting Foreign Minister, Otyrba headed the Abkhazian delegation to the meeting on repatriation of refugees held 20 July 2004 in Sochi.[2]

On 3 March 2007, Otyrba was appointed the first Commissioner for Human Rights of Abkhazia under the President of Abkhazia by Sergei Bagapsh.[3] Following the adoption of a law constituting a new, independent, Human Rights Commissioner, the old office under the President was abolished and Otyrba was formally dismissed by Raul Khajimba on 4 May 2016.[4]

Otyrba is a native speaker of Abkhaz and Russian, speaks English fluently, and is also competent in Italian.


  1. ^ "Ахба Игорь Муратович". Retrieved 13 December 2008.
  2. ^ "В Сочи состоялась рабочая грузино-абхазская встреча по вопросам беженцев". Caucasian Knot. 22 July 2004. Retrieved 5 February 2009.
  3. ^ "Необходимо разработать законодательство в области защиты прав человека — Полпред по правам человека при Президенте". Администрация Президента Республики Абхазия. 7 March 2007. Archived from the original on 16 February 2012. Retrieved 5 February 2009.
  4. ^ Jopua, Irena (7 April 2016). "Повторные выборы по 21 и 23 избирательным округам Сухума пройдут 29 мая". Apsnypress. Retrieved 9 April 2016.
Political offices
Preceded by
Sergei Shamba
Minister for Foreign Affairs of Abkhazia
Succeeded by
Igor Akhba
Preceded by
Office created
Human Rights Commissioner of Abkhazia
Succeeded by